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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Facebeook Ameer QA

Answer to Question
The Takhreej (Extraction and Authentication) of the Hadith “Take the Gift as long as it is a Gift”
To: Sulaiman Riba’
(Translated)

Question:

Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuh, We ask Allah to grant you health and success in pleasing Allah (swt) and bring victory and empowerment and glory of the Deen by your hands

Can you please give an extraction and authentication of this Hadith in terms of its correctness, strength, weakness, and using it as an evidence, thank you:

On the authority of Mu’az Ibn Jabal, he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (saw) say: ‏

«ﺧُﺬُﻭﺍ ﺍﻟْﻌَﻄَﺎﺀَ ﻣَﺎ ﺩَﺍﻡَ ﻋَﻄَﺎﺀً، ﻓَﺈِﺫَﺍ ﺻَﺎﺭَ ﺭِﺷْﻮَﺓً ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺪِّﻳﻦِ ﻓَﻠَﺎ ﺗَﺄْﺧُﺬُﻭﻩُ، ﻭَﻟَﺴْﺘُﻢْ ﺑِﺘَﺎﺭِﻛِﻴﻪِ؛ ﻳَﻤْﻨَﻌْﻜُﻢُ ﺍﻟْﻔَﻘْﺮَ ﻭَﺍﻟْﺤَﺎﺟَﺔَ، ﺃَﻟَﺎ ﺇِﻥَّ ﺭَﺣَﻰ ﺍﻟْﺈِﺳْﻠَﺎﻡِ ﺩَﺍﺋِﺮَﺓٌ، ﻓَﺪُﻭﺭُﻭﺍ ﻣَﻊَ ﺍﻟْﻜِﺘَﺎﺏِ ﺣَﻴْﺚُ ﺩَﺍﺭَ، ﺃَﻟَﺎ ﺇِﻥَّ ﺍﻟْﻜِﺘَﺎﺏَ ﻭَﺍﻟﺴُّﻠْﻄَﺎﻥَ ﺳَﻴَﻔْﺘَﺮِﻗَﺎﻥِ، ﻓَﻠَﺎ ﺗُﻔَﺎﺭِﻗُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟْﻜِﺘَﺎﺏَ، ﺃَﻟَﺎ ﺇِﻧَّﻪُ ﺳَﻴَﻜُﻮﻥُ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻜُﻢْ ﺃُﻣَﺮَﺍﺀُ ﻳَﻘْﻀُﻮﻥَ ﻟِﺄَﻧْﻔُﺴِﻬِﻢْ ﻣَﺎ ﻟَﺎ ﻳَﻘْﻀُﻮﻥَ ﻟَﻜُﻢْ، ﺇِﻥْ ﻋَﺼَﻴْﺘُﻤُﻮﻫُﻢْ ﻗَﺘَﻠُﻮﻛُﻢْ، ﻭَﺇِﻥْ ﺃَﻃَﻌْﺘُﻤُﻮﻫُﻢْ ﺃَﺿَﻠُّﻮﻛُﻢْ». ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮﺍ: ﻳَﺎ ﺭَﺳُﻮﻝَ ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ، ﻛَﻴْﻒَ ﻧَﺼْﻨَﻊُ؟ ﻗَﺎﻝَ: ‏«ﻛَﻤَﺎ ﺻَﻨَﻊَ ﺃَﺻْﺤَﺎﺏُ ﻋِﻴﺴَﻰ ﺍﺑْﻦِ ﻣَﺮْﻳَﻢَ، ﻧُﺸِﺮُﻭﺍ ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤَﻨَﺎﺷِﻴﺮَ، ﻭَﺣُﻤِﻠُﻮﺍ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺍﻟْﺨَﺸَﺐِ، ﻣَﻮْﺕٌ ﻓِﻲ ﻃَﺎﻋَﺔِ ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ ﺧَﻴْﺮٌ ﻣِﻦْ ﺣَﻴَﺎﺓٍ ﻓِﻲ ﻣَﻌْﺼِﻴَﺔِ ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ».

“Take the gift as long as it is a gift. If it becomes a bribe in the Deen, do not take it, and you will not leave it due to poverty and need, verily the spokes of Islam are turning, so turn with the Book wherever it turns, verily the Book and the Sultan will separate, do not separate from the Book, verily you will have leaders who judge for themselves what they do not judge for you if you disobeyed them they killed you and if you obeyed them they led you astray.” They said: “O Messenger of Allah what do we do (then)?” He said: “As the companions of Isa Ibn Maryam did, they sawed them in saws and carried them on wood. Death in obedience to Allah is better than a life in disobeying Allah.”

Answer:

Wa Alaikum Assalamu Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuh

Regarding this Hadith, it is said that in parts of its chain of narrators (sanad) it is weak (Dha’eef).... It is said that it has another version of narration that contain trustworthy narrators:

1- It is stated in (Jami’ Al-Ahadith) by Jalal Al-Din As-Siuti (deceased 911 AH):

- [11863]

«خذوا العطاء ما دام عطاء، وإذا صار رشوة على الدين فلا تأخذوه، ولستم بتاركيه يمنعكم الفقر والحاجة، ألا إن رحى الإسلام دائرة فدوروا مع الكتاب حيث دار، ألا إن الكتاب والسلطان سيفترقان، فلا تفارقوا الكتاب، ألا إنه سيكون عليكم أمراء يقضون لأنفسهم ما لا يقضون لكم، إن عصيتموهم قتلوكم وإن أطعتموهم أضلوكم، قالوا يا رسول الله كيف نصنع؟ قال: كما صنع أصحاب عيسى ابن مريم، نشروا بالمناشير وحملوا على الخشب، موت في طاعة الله خير من حياة في معصية الله»

“Take the gift as long as it is a gift. If it becomes a bribe in the Deen, do not take it, and you will not leave it due to poverty and need, verily the spokes of Islam are turning, so turn with the Book wherever it turns, verily the Book and the Sultan will separate, do not separate from the Book, verily you will have leaders who judge for themselves what they do not judge for you if you disobeyed them they killed you and if you obeyed them they led you astray.” They said: “O Messenger of Allah what do we do (then)?” He said: “As the companions of Isa Ibn Maryam did, they sawed them in saws and carried them on wood. Death in obedience to Allah is better than a life in disobeying Allah.”

(At-Tabarani from Mu’az with this chain of narrators (sanad): Al-Qasim ibn Yusuf ibn Ya’qoob Al-Balkhi told us, Ali ibn Hujar Al-Marwazi told us, and Khatab bin Sa’eed Ad-Dimashqi told us, and al-Husain ibn Ishaq At-tastariu, they said: Hisham bin Ammar told us, they said: Abdullah bin Abdul Rahman bin Yazid bin Jabir told us, on the authority of Al-Wadayn bin Atta, on the authority of Yazid bin Marthad, on the authority of Mu’az bin Jabal, who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (saw) say...
Extracted by At-Tabarani (16599), Al-Haithami said (238/5): Yazid bin Marthad did not hear Mu’az, and Ibn Hibban and others authenticated Al-Wadayn bin Atta, but he was classified as weak (Dha’eef) by a group, but the rest of its narrators are trustworthy.

It was also extracted by: At-Tabarani in Al-Shamieen (1/379 No. 658), and At-Tabarani in Al-Sagheer (2/42 No. 749). As you can see, some of the narrators of the sanad were seen as a problem by some the scholars of Hadith, but some of them are seen as trustworthy by other scholars.

2- It was stated in (Ithaf Al-Khiarata Al-Maharata) by its author Al-Hafiz Ahmad bin Abi Bakr bin Ismail Al-Busairi, who died in the year 840 AH:

[7571] On the authority of Mu’az Ibn Jabal (ra), on the authority of the Messenger of Allah (saw) say:

«خذوا العطاء ما دام عطاء، فإذا صار رشوة على الدين فلا تأخذوا، ولستم بتاركيه يمنعكم من ذلك المخافة والفقر، ألا وإن رحى الإيمان دائرة وإن رحى الإسلام دائرة، فدوروا مع الكتاب حيث يدور، ألا وإن السلطان والكتاب سيفترقان، ألا فلا تفارقوا الكتاب، ألا إنه سيكون عليكم أمراء، إن أطعتموهم أضلوكم، وإن عصيتموهم قتلوكم قالوا: كيف نصنع يا رسول الله؟ قال: كما صنع أصحاب عيسى ابن مريم، حملوا على الخشب، ونشروا بالمناشير، موت في طاعة الله خير من حياة في معصية الله»

“Take the gift as long as it is a gift. If it becomes a bribe in the Deen, do not take it, and you will not leave it due to fear and poverty, verily the spokes of Iman (belief) are turning and the spokes of Islam are turning, so turn with the Book wherever it turns, verily the Book and the Sultan will separate, do not separate from the Book, verily you will have leaders who judge for themselves what they do not judge for you if you disobeyed them they killed you and if you obeyed them they led you astray.” They said: “O Messenger of Allah what do we do (then)? He said: “As the companions of Isa Ibn Maryam did, they sawed them in saws and carried them on wood. Death in obedience to Allah is better than a life in disobeying Allah.”

It was narrated by Ishaq bin Rahwayh on the authority of Suwaid bin Abdul Aziz Al-Dimashqi, who is weak and it was narrated by Ahmad Bin Mani’, and its narrators are trustworthy, and their wordings are the same.

As you can see, some of the narrations are weak. As for the chain of narrators (sanad) of the narration of Ahmad ibn Mani’, they are trustworthy.

I hope this is sufficient, and Allah Knows Best and He is Most Wise.

Your brother,
Ata Bin Khalil Abu Al-Rashtah

9 Shawwal 1441 AH
31/5/2020 CE

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Last modified onSaturday, 06 June 2020 13:12

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